The commercial trade in bear parts-especiallly the gall bladder, which is used in traditional Chinese medicine-poses a major threat to the Asiatic black bear. Besides poaching, there is loss of habitat and increased confrontation with man. Only a small protion of the bear population in the country is within protected areas. Since bears move to different habitats and elavations depending on the season, they come into conflict with humans. S Sathyakumar, head of the department of endangered species at the Wildlife Institute of India, says that “bears become increasingly territorial during their breeding season in summer and tent to attack whatever reaources are available.” Cases of mauling also tend to increase, making human-bear conflict common, especiallly in mountainous regions. Most of the bears found in India are spread across the hill states of Jammu & Kashmir,Uttrakhand, Himachal Pradesh and The North East. A comprehensive count of Asiatic black bears in India is not available but estimates put their number at anywhere between 6,000 and 7,000. However, their numbers could fall if poaching continues and the habitat shrinks further.